Are There Different Types of Depression?
Like most psychological struggles, depression isn’t a one-size-fits-all term to describe a common experience. There are different types of depression. There are eight main types of depression:
1. Major Depression
Major depression is characterized by feeling depressed most of the time for most days of the week.
2. Bipolar Disorder
Also known as “manic depression”, this form of depression includes mood episodes that range from periods of high energy and low moods. Low moods involve symptoms of major depression.
3. Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
Seasonal affective disorder occurs mostly during the winter months when the days are shorter and you get less sunlight. This form of depression usually goes away in the spring and summer but can still be
difficult to deal with.
4. Psychotic Depression
Psychotic depression involves having the symptoms of major depression along with psychotic symptoms such as hallucinations, delusions and paranoia.
5. Postpartum Depression (PPD)
Major depression experienced in the weeks and months after childbirth is referred to as postpartum depression is a common affliction among mothers.
6. Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder occurs when women experience depression and other symptoms, such as mood swings, irritability, anxiety and fatigue, at the start of their menstrual cycle.
7. Situational Depression
When you have trouble managing a stressful event in your life, it’s possible to experience situational depression. These events can include a death in your family, a divorce or losing your job.
8. Atypical Depression
This type of depression is different from typical depression and is considered more of a “specifier” that describes a pattern of depressive symptoms.